She was arrested for this act of civil disobedience.
Local civil rights leaders immediately organized and enrolled the support of Martin Luther King, Jr., the de facto leader of the Civil Rights Movement, whose name alone would lend national attention.
These marches were organized to protest unfair voting polices in Selma.
During the first march, police forces attacked the non-violent protesters with tear gas and nightsticks.
Among the most significant moments in the Birmingham campaign was an event that has come to be called the Children's Crusade.
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During this event, more than a thousand children skipped school and marched to the 16th Street Baptist Church.
The city of Montgomery, Alabama (like many cities in the Deep South) had rigid segregation laws concerning public transportation: African-Americans were forced to sit in the backs of city buses.
On December 1, 1955, an African-American woman named Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of the bus in order to give up her seat to a white man who had boarded the bus.
The media also played a powerful role in the Civil Rights Movement for African Americans during the 1950s and 1960s.
But whereas before this time, people only had radio and newspapers to turn to, to learn what was happening in their country and in the world, suddenly most people had televisions in their homes.