Friedrich Nietzsche “A much-misunderstood philosopher, seen as barking mad but actually very wise and sane.
century philosophers to contend that at its core, the universe is not a rational place.
Inspired by Plato and Kant, both of whom regarded the world as being more amenable to reason, Schopenhauer developed their philosophies into an instinct-recognizing and ultimately ascetic outlook, emphasizing that in the face of a world filled with endless strife, we ought to minimize our natural desires for the sake of achieving a more tranquil frame of mind and a disposition towards universal beneficence.
Schopenhauer toured through Europe several times with his family as a youngster and young teenager, and lived in France (1797–99) [ages 9-11] and England (1803) [age 15], where he learned the languages of those countries.
As he later reported, his experiences in France were among the happiest of his life.
We tend to imagine that cheering people up involves saying happy things. He makes some brilliant analyses of why love affairs tend to go wrong (he’s perfect to read after a breakup).
But Seneca says the saddest things — and strangely enough, he is very consoling. His general drift is that you’d be mad to expect happiness from a relationship.” 4.‘Even on the highest throne in the world, we are seated still upon our arses.'” 2.Lucius Annaeus Seneca “Seneca belonged to the Stoic school of philosophy, which is all about teaching you how to respond calmly to disaster. Arthur Schopenhauer “Schopenhauer is another great pessimist who makes you feel happier.We are absurdly anxious about success, says popular philosopher Alain de Botton (TED Talk: Alain de Botton: A kinder, gentler philosophy of success).In his talk from 2009, he suggests that many of our modern values — like our sense of limitless possibility and upward growth — can actually lead us to stress harder about how well we’re doing. For TED, he’s put together this reading list of (mainly) pessimistic philosophers who have inspired his thinking about positivity. Michel de Montaigne “Montaigne likes to point out that philosophers don’t know everything, and that they would be a lot wiser if they laughed at themselves a little more.A future in the international business trade was envisioned from the day Arthur was born, as reflected in how Schopenhauer’s father carefully chose his son’s first name on account of its identical spelling in German, French and English.In March 1793, when Schopenhauer was five years old, his family moved to the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg after the formerly free city of Danzig was annexed by Prussia.People took him to mean sensual pleasure, and the word ‘epicurean’ has been linked to gluttony ever since.But read the real Epicurus and you’ll see that his idea of pleasure was quite immaterial; in fact, it was all about having a group of good friends and reading books together outdoors.” 6.Exactly a month younger than the English Romantic poet, Lord Byron (1788–1824), who was born on January 22, 1788, Arthur Schopenhauer came into the world on February 22, 1788 in Danzig [Gdansk, Poland] — a city that had a long history in international trade as a member of the Hanseatic League.The Schopenhauer family was of Dutch heritage, and the philosopher’s father, Heinrich Floris Schopenhauer (1747–1805), was a successful merchant and shipowner who groomed his son to assume control of the family’s business.