Bilingual Education Essay

Bilingual Education Essay-73
The students' native language may or may not be used to teach content material.Bilingual education programs can be considered either additive or subtractive in terms of their linguistic goals, depending on whether students are encouraged to add to their linguistic repertoire or to replace their native language with the majority language (see Table 1 for a typology of bilingual education).

The students' native language may or may not be used to teach content material.Bilingual education programs can be considered either additive or subtractive in terms of their linguistic goals, depending on whether students are encouraged to add to their linguistic repertoire or to replace their native language with the majority language (see Table 1 for a typology of bilingual education).In Israel, bilingual education programs not only help both the Arabic-and Hebrew-speaking populations become bilingual, they also teach Hebrew to immigrants from around the world.

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Bilingual education is a broad term that refers to the presence of two languages in instructional settings.

The term is, however, "a simple label for a complex phenomenon" (Cazden and Snow, p.

Experience documents that students from minority-language backgrounds historically have higher dropout rates and lower achievement scores.

Finally, there is a basis for bilingual education that draws upon research in language acquisition and education.

In many South American countries, such as Peru and Ecuador, there are large populations of indigenous peoples who speak languages other than Spanish.

Bilingual education programs there have the goal of bilingualism.

Cummins also introduced the concept of the common underlying proficiency TABLE 1 model of bilingualism, which explains how concepts learned in one language can be transferred to another.

Cummins is best known for his distinction between basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS) and cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP).

BICS, or everyday conversational skills, are quickly acquired, whereas CALP, the highly decontextualized, abstract language skills used in classrooms, may take seven years or more to acquire.

Stephen Krashen, of the School of Education at the University of Southern California, developed an overall theory of second language acquisition known as the monitor model.

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