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In 1936, the Senate amended these rules to include Rule XI, which allows the appointment of a small number of Senators to operate as a trial committee to gather evidence and take testimony.
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
The essential powers and procedures for Senate impeachment trials are set forth in this clause.
In 1996, Lewinsky was transferred to a position at the Pentagon, where she became friends with Linda Tripp, also transferred from the White House, who began to secretly tape-record Lewinsky's telephone conversations in which she confided to Tripp her affair with the President (Presidential).
Tripp provided more than twenty hours of tape recordings to Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr, who received permission from the U. Justice Department to expand his Whitewater investigation to include Clinton's close friend Vernon Jordan, believing he had encouraged Lewinsky to deny her affair with Clinton during a sworn affidavit (Presidential).
Lewinsky was then confronted by federal agents who charged her with perjury and demanded that she cooperate by providing evidence against Clinton (Clinton).
The following day, Clinton denied having sexual relations with Lewinsky, and by January 21, the media was reporting that Starr's investigation had expanded to include the Lewinsky allegations (Clinton).
Second, the Framers vested the Senate rather than the judiciary with the authority to try impeachments because they favored, as Alexander Hamilton explained in The Federalist No.
65, a "numerous court for the trial of impeachments." He believed such a body would be well suited to handle the procedural demands of an impeachment trial, in which it, unlike judges, should "never be tied down by such strict rules, either in the delineation of the offense by the prosecutor, or in the construction of it by judges, as in the common cases serve to limit the discretion of courts in favor of personal security." Hamilton explained further that "[t]he awful discretion which a court of impeachments must necessarily have to doom to honor or infamy the most confidential and the most distinguished characters of the community forbids the commitment of the trust to a small number of persons."There are three special requirements for impeachment trials.
In the first presidential impeachment trial in 1868, Chief Justice Salmon Chase claimed the authority to decide certain procedural questions on his own, but the Senate challenged several of his rulings and overruled him at least twice.
In President Clinton's impeachment trial in 1999, Chief Justice William H.