Many of the farms in the Great Plains, losing most of the crop, were greatly affected by the first droughts of the 1930's.
The months of July and August saw about a forty-percent decrease of precipitation compared to previous years.
The early 1900's were a time of turmoil for farmers in the United States, especially in the Great Plains region.
After the end of World War I, overproduction by farmers resulted in low prices for crops.
The most notorious of these dust storms occurred on April 14, 1935, and is known as “Black Sunday.” Dust storms could kill crops, people, and livestock.
Hundreds, maybe thousands, of people died from “dust pneumonia” after breathing the dirty air.This horrible drought started in 1930, a year that saw heavy rains in a very short time, which cause flooding in many areas of the Oklahoma Panhandle.The year continued to with horrible blizzards in the winter and a drought into the late summer.Due to the improper farming, along with a long drought, dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very burdensome.During the 1930's, the Great Plains was plagued with a drought, a long period of dryness, which brought demise to many of the farmers in the region.Three million people left their farms on the Great Plains during the drought and half a million migrated to other states, almost all to the West.But the Dust Bowl drought was not meteorologically extreme by the standards of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.The Dust Bowl lasted for about a decade, ending when rain returned to the region in 1939.But the economic and social effects of the disaster lasted for decades to come.1935 was a year where rainfall was very, very scarce.The heat began to rise at fast rates in the summer of 1936, with many days reaching above 120 degrees.