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Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and Ibn Rushd (Averroes) were famous names in medieval philosophy and their predecessor al-Farabi (Why was this knowledge lost to Western Europe?An answer can be found by looking at the time and events that occurred before the start of the European Medieval Age.As noted in the tutorial, "because Muslims believe that Allah is all-knowing, they also believe that the human world's quest for knowledge leads to further knowing of Allah.
Over the next 19 years, the Muslims conquered most of Spain and were threatening to conquer France until stopped by Charles Martel (the grandfather of Charlemagne) at As discussed in the University of Calgary tutorial, Spain was ruled for 300 years by the descendents of the Umayyad ruling house.
You will remember from the tutorial that the Abbasid Revolution in 750 destroyed Umayyad power in most areas of the Islamic world.
In his writings, he spelled out the procedures for testing the effectiveness of a new drug.
Beyond his work in medicine, he also made significant contributions in philosophy, mathematics, chemistry, and astronomy and was the author of over 200 books.
However, during the Revolution, the grandson of one of the former caliphs escaped to Spain and set up a kingdom that lasted until the Berbers from North Africa took over in the 11th century.
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Scientific knowledge, architecture, mathematics, and philosophy flourished in Spain during the rule of the Umayyad.
Much of this intellectual climate can be traced to the precepts of the Qur'an (in English, we sometimes refer to this as the Koran).
Throughout the Qur'an, there is a strong emphasis on the value of knowledge.
Unlike the revealed knowledge of the Qur'an, Muslims believe that human knowledge is not perfect, and requires constant exploration and advancement through research and experimentation.
According to the Qur'an, learning and gaining knowledge is the highest form of religious activity for Muslims, and the one which is most pleasing to God." ("The Canon of Medicine") was used throughout Europe for over 600 years.