Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.- [Instructor] Talk a little bit about the social and political structures of ancient Rome.And, as we'll see, over the patricians held most of the power and most of the wealth for a significant amount of time.
At that time, Rome was really just in control of Rome and over time, especially during the republic period, it starts to expand and eventually have hegemony or dominant power over the Mediterranean or parts of the Middle East, I should say, and in southern Europe. And what I'm about to draw actually stays true through most of Roman civilization.
If this white circle are the people who lived under Roman rule, only a subset were citizens. These were male landowners, citizens right over here.
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Well, you could imagine non-landholding males, you could imagine women, you could imagine slaves.
And even though we aggrandize Rome and there were many very interesting things about Rome, one of the legacies that Rome had, which maybe as the historians reflect a little bit more negatively on, is that Roman society was built on the idea of slaves.
Now another idea that emerged during the Roman kingdom is this idea of citizenship.
Now it's important to realize today, in a lot of countries, we think of oh, everyone who's a formal resident of that country, you can view them as a citizen, or most of the people, you could think of citizens, especially maybe people born in a country. And when we go into this Roman kingdom, I'll remind, and I do this in many videos, we're not thinking about this sprawling Roman empire that we'll see several hundred years later.
And most of the slaves were people that they subjugated people that they conquered in other lands.
They might have been people who at least the authorities thought they committed a crime of some kind. So you had a large segment of the population that had no rights, that were considered slaves.