Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays

Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays-81
Generically, Frankenstein can be considered gothic in numerous ways, to understand and interpret theses effectively and in depth we must first outline the usual features and aspects of the gothic genre.The gothic genre is somewhat expected to contain vivid features of life and death, religion; or the lack/ defiance of it and the struggle of good versus evil.Even through these short extracts Shelley gives a clear insight into Victor’s desperation and anguish, these extreme emotions, especially when being applied to such an immoral act, are clearly intended to be interpreted as disturbing and ultimately gothic.

To be portrayed in a novel such as Frankenstein the author must have an existing aspiration to feature the gothic genre in the novel as gothic is a particular field of literature this is clearly acknowledged by Shelley as she clearly described her intentions to ‘awaken thrilling horror (Frankenstein 1831: intro) Throughout Frankenstein Mary Shelley, the author often disguises the vivid gothic aspects of the novel, in and amongst regularly applied features found in a novel that would be considered a standard or general fiction read.

“The gothic genre exposes and explores desires, anxieties and fears that both society and individual, in there striving to maintain stability attempt to suppress: it is interested in the exploration of what is forbidden, is the dissolution of certainties, categories: above all, it is associated with transgression: not only do the texts themselves, in crossing the boundaries of the ‘real’ transgress, but transgression is a central focus of the gothic plot: all barriers are broken down, all forbidden areas penetrated.” Glennis Byrou 1999.

Pathetic fallacy is often a feature of the gothic genre. When something is wrong or there is evil nearby the weather is usually dark, stormy or agitated.

Pathetic fallacy adds a great deal of tension to any novel as it brings more tension and further hints to the reader as to the events to follow.

Mary Shelley's tale of creation and destruction has claimed a central place in Anglo-American culture since its first publication in 1818.

Along the way, Frankenstein has come to stand for the genre we call Gothic.Pathetic fallacy is when the attribution of human emotions or characteristics are given to inanimate objects or to nature.Pathetic fallacy is often used in Frankenstein to further represent Victor’s feelings and ill state.In conclusion all aspects of the deaths in Frankenstein can be seen as gothic.The use of pathetic fallacy in Frankenstein can be described as gothic.The very creation of the creature can be seen as evil or gothic In numerous ways: it was formed from dead criminal’s body parts that Victor stole, Its creation was illegal, forbidden and unholy and yet created in an abandoned church (sacred place) and It was created out of insanity and immoral desperation.Also, at the instant of creating the creature Victor regrets every moment he spent working on it; he is clearly a confused and perhaps evil man.From the beginning of the chapter emotions pour from Victor, giving the reader an insight into his personality and the utter anxiety that he feels at this time.I think Victor’s emotions run so wild at this point as he is worried that something may chance to go wrong.The themes of death and murder; again play an important role in Frankenstein, the deaths of Justine and Caroline and the murders of William and Elizabeth.These deaths can be considered as evil, disturbing and upsetting, especially when all the deaths are of people very close to Victor and they are all as a result of his work and wrongdoing.


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