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There is little agreement on this issue except that it was most likely the result of several factors. Most gang related crimes are committed between members of opposing gangs, although innocent citizens are often hit by stray bullets.
Therefore, youths that are economically and socially challenged do not have equal opportunities to financial success.
Therefore, they may be more drawn into certain crimes than youths that have had better opportunities.
By 1982, a study by Miller showed that an estimate 2,300 youth gangs, with 100,000 members, were found in 300 cities.
Multiple reasons for this increase have been presented, including the economy and growth of an urban underclass, crack cocaine and other drug trade, gang migration, and gang subculture in the popular media (Miller, 1980).
These young gangs have long been present in the United States, but were previously only in large urban centers.
This changed dramatically in the late 1980s (Miller, 1980), when youth gangs started to appear in smaller cities and suburban areas across the United States along with a rapid rise in their numbers and membership (Miller, 1980).
Members receive a sense of identity and recognition from being in a gang.
It sets them apart from their peers and gives them a sense of power and success.
Among the issues the inquiry is considering is whether Australia should amend its laws to send back non-citizens under the age of 18.
As the law stands, Australia does not deport minors.