However, researching each dimension is insufficient to take stock of labour issues because the interactions among the several dimensions will be missed and an accurate portrayal will be far from possible.Regarding unemployment, previous research reported negative effects on social integration and mental health and highlighted the relevance of work for health and well-being (). Research concerning work-life balance revealed that the interdependence between work, personal life, and family can become synergic and reduce distress ().
Therefore, it is at the core of DW, although not carried out under this label.
Research regarding compensation systems revealed these have an impact on work motivation and perceptions of justice ().
Study samples consisted typically of workers from different sectors and countries.
Data collection was mainly by interview or institutional statistical databases and most studies were descriptive and cross-sectional.
The results of this review show that empirical research on decent work is grounded in various disciplines and is still in its early stages.
Additionally, most studies report decent work deficit and do not cover the whole decent work concept. Empirical Research on Decent Work: A Literature Review.
Medium, low, and very low development countries are under-researched. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 4(1), p.4. The economic crisis of 2008–2009 accentuated this tendency further by increasing unemployment, long-term unemployment, informal work, underemployment, flexible contracts, and precarious employment ().
These four main values are expressed through four strategic objectives: i) the promotion of standards and fundamental principles and rights at work, to ensure that workers’ constitutionally protected rights to dignity, equality and fair labour practices are protected by appropriate legal frameworks; ii) the promotion of employment creation and income opportunities, with the goal being ‘not just the creation of jobs, but the creation of jobs of acceptable quality’; iii) the access to and improvement of social protection and social security, which is fundamental to the reduction of poverty, inequality, and the problem of care responsibilities; and (iv) the promotion of social dialogue ().
The various measurement instruments have contributed to guiding DW national policies in several countries.
However, limitations were pointed out regarding these measures, and authors and politicians faced several obstacles, such as: (a) the different levels of economic, social, political, and national development ().