Suicide prevention is given a low priority in many Western Pacific countries due to competing health problems, stigma and poor understanding of its incidence and aetiology.
Each vital event is registered in the Local Civil Registrar Offices (LCRO) , each serving a population of 25,000 for municipalities and 150,000 for cities.
The LCRO sends a copy of each death certificate to the Office of the Civil Registrar General of the NSO for processing and archiving [11, 13].
Little is known about the epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behaviour in the Philippines and although its incidence is reported to be low, there is likely to be under-reporting because of its non-acceptance by the Catholic Church and the associated stigma to the family.
This study aims to investigate trends in the incidence of suicide in the Philippines, assess possible underreporting and provide information on the methods used and the reasons for suicide.
While suicide rates are low in the Philippines, increases in incidence and relatively high rates in adolescents and young adults point to the importance of focused suicide prevention programs.
Improving data quality and better reporting of suicide deaths is likewise imperative to inform and evaluate prevention strategies.
Suicide is a major contributor to premature mortality worldwide and is among the leading causes of death in the Western Pacific Region .
Approximately 32% of the world's suicides occur in the region, and its annual incidence of 19.3 per 100,000 is 30% higher than the global average .