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Now consider which databases you will search through.
Bring all the papers together and provide an answer for your research question.
It is often useful to make a chart of key themes that arise in the papers, the authors of the papers, when they were written and their strengths and weaknesses.
In general terms, if your question involves measuring or evaluating care or an intervention then you will probably need to use quantitative research.
If your question is more explorative, then qualitative research is likely to be most relevant. Remember that identifying which literature you need is one of the most important aspects of doing your literature review and it is useful to discuss in detail your approach with your supervisor.
From this topic, identify a specific question that you can answer from the literature.
The key is to find a question that is not too broad.It is generally a good idea to use a critical appraisal tool that is specific to the research design of your given paper.This might mean that you need to use a few different critical appraisal tools if your literature review question requires you to access a wide range of literature. Using the critical appraisal tool, consider the strengths and limitations of the literature you have identified and consider how much impact each paper has in addressing your research question.Work out what literature you need to answer your question.Not everything relating to your question will be relevant and some information will be more relevant than others… Most questions need to be answered using primary research.This is because some key articles might be missed through electronic searching due to the way the paper is indexed.Look at the abstracts of the articles you come across.Collect together all the articles that address your research question.At undergraduate level, if you have around 10 articles, then this is ideal.You can then see at a glance which other papers identify similar (or different) themes.As you do this, you will begin to see patterns emerging in the literature and will be able to form an answer to your question. It is quite permissible to say ‘there is some evidence that…’ rather than to provide a definitive answer. Finally remember to put your literature review on your CV and be prepared to discuss at interview.