This research will begin with the statement that in comparing the Greek and Roman cultures one must first study a brief history of the cultures surrounding the cities in which these magnificent buildings were first built.Athens began as a great limestone rock, a holy or sacred place rising to the Attica plateau.The Acropolis hill is sometimes called the “sacred rock” of Athens and is seen as holding the most important sites of the city and secrets of the ancient Greek culture.
Athens most significant and prosperous time in history was the 5th century BC under the reign of Pericles.
During this time the Greeks developed a constitution that gave all citizens the right to participate in the governing of the state.
The building is rectangular and measured 101.34 feet wide by 228.14 feet long from the top of its base.
When new it was constructed of white marble, 46 columns, and tile roofing.
The Acropolis as it is called means in Greek, “the highest point of the town.” Many ancient cities were built on principles of height as a fortress for protection; however, the Acropolis has special meaning as a sacred place for an emerging Greek dynasty.
The great limestone rock measures from the basin to 70 meters and levels out at the top at 300 meters long and 150 meters wide.Relics of offerings made to the Goddess Athena in marble, korai, bronze and clay date back to the Archaic period around 650-480 B. The Parthenon: The Parthenon was built on the site of other cultures that came before them. The purpose of the Parthenon was to cement the temples of earlier cultures as well as experience and praise the Greek goddess Athena.The name Parthenon refers to the worship of the goddess who is the patroness of the city of Athens.The Parthenon was built between 447 BC and 438 BC by the ancient Greeks whereas the pantheon was built by the Romans between 118 and 128 CE.Thus because of this, we are able to see the influence of the Greeks on the roman art through comparing the two structures.A part from being places of worship the two temples share other common characteristics.However, they also have a number of differences in terms of function, themes and ideology. What was the Architecturally Innovative about the Pantheon in Rome?The top has become very flat due to many landfills over the course of history which allowed construction of its temples and buildings.The Acropolis was a prime location for habitation and worship due to its shallow caves and underground water springs.It contained a nearly 40 foot tall statue of the goddess Athena.The statue was constructed of wood, gold and ivory.