Penalty Essays Conclusion

The unfortunate part for many of the statistics is that few statistics with such trends exist, and of the few that do, no correlation is explained, only assumed.A majority of the statistics regarding deterrence via the death penalty are in favor of the opposite.Canada abolished the death penalty in 1976; contrary to some predictions by capital punishment supporters, the homicide rate in Canada did not increase after abolition.

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But yet, those in favor of the death penalty still attempt to use statistics and data to their advantage despite most data not being in favor of their argument.

Some use basic information, such as that 99.9% of all convicted capital murderers and their attorneys argue for life, not death, in the punishment phase of their trial.

The killed inmate probably deserved to be executed anyways.

But what if the death penalty was a deterrent to violent crime? This point does not satisfy the argument that the death penalty is necessary.

In 1998, the homicide rate dipped below 1.9 per 100,000, the lowest rate since the 1960s.” In the United States, 10 of the 12 states without capital punishment have homicide rates below the national average, Federal Bureau of Investigation data shows, while half the states with the death penalty have homicide rates above the national average.

In a state-by-state analysis in the US of the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48 percent to 101 percent higher than in states without the death penalty.Because of the complexity of causality in crime and the legal system, statistics are not convincing in and of themselves.The problem with deterrence is that few offenders commit a crime anticipating that they will be apprehended, even with some degree of premeditation.The relevancy of this is close to none in regards to deterrence.It simply proves that individuals don’t want to be executed after convicted of a crime, not that they don’t want to commit crimes because they don’t want to be executed.Said conclusions include the fact that it is not, as those in favor of the death penalty will argue with arguably inconclusive statistics, a deterrent to violent crime, is not an acceptable penalty for a violation of the social contract, is not more "economical" than life imprisonment, and by its nature permits a risk of executing innocent individuals regardless of the implementation of numerous safeguards.Addresses the applications of punishment in Western penal and judicial systems, the argument of deterrence, the social contract, the subservient position of the state in relation to its population, miscarriages of justice, human rights abuses, and the appeal to emotion.While deterrence is great, the death penalty still is not.Even if we were to throw aside all other moral questions regarding the death penalty and focus solely on this point for reasoning that the death penalty is a good idea, we still could not find it satisfying because punishments are not made only because they are intended to deter future crimes.“Over the next 20 years the homicide rate in Canada fluctuated (between 2.2 and 2.8 per 100,000), but the general trend was clearly downwards.It reached a 30-year low in 1995 (1.98) – the fourth consecutive year-to-year decrease and a full one-third lower than in the year before abolition.


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