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She discusses the economic, social, and cultural benefits of higher education in "The Value of a College Degree.” Paraphrase your sources whenever you believe that you can make the information from a source shorter and/or clearer for your audience.A paraphrase is not an exact copy of the original, so simply changing a few words here and there is not acceptable.
Never insert a quote or a paraphrase abruptly into your writing without first introducing the quote (or paraphrase), citing it, and explaining it This means that you will never begin or end a paragraph with a quote.
This method is often referred to as the ICE method of integrating quotes: Introduce, Cite, and then Explain.
Restate what you've read in your own words and be sure to give the author credit using an in-text citation.
Example: Katherine Porter believes that, while getting a college degree can be expensive and time consuming, the benefits greatly outweigh the costs.
Summarize an article or a larger section of an article whenever you simply want to present the author's general ideas in your essay.
Summaries are most often used to condense larger texts into more manageable chucks.
Integrating the words or ideas from another source is a big part of academic writing.
Students must be careful not only to avoid plagiarism, but also to enable readers to fully understand your use of a quote or a paraphrase from a source.
Also notice that because I explained who wrote the book, what book it comes from, and on what page to find the quote in the book, the reader is easily able not only to find the source on his/her own to check my facts, but the reader is also more likely to believe what I have to say now that they know that my information comes from a credible source.
In-Text Citation: Use an in-text citation in situations where you are not quoting someone directly but rather using information from another source such as a fact, summary, or paraphrase to support your own ideas.