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Positive symptoms include the following: Negative Symptoms Negative symptoms are associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors.These symptoms are harder to recognize as part of the disorder and can be mistaken for depression or other conditions.
Schizophrenia afflicts men and women in equal numbers and is found in similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world.
The symptom presentation and age of onset do differ between the sexes, however.
The symptoms of schizophrenia are classified by the DSM-5 as positive and negative, each of which includes a suite of behaviors.
There may also be cognitive symptoms, which are harder to detect because functioning is already impaired.
Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental illness that impairs a person's thoughts and behavior, and if untreated, can include psychosis.
Schizophrenia is a disabling mental illness that affects more than 1 percent of the world's population.The illness occurs in approximately 1 percent of the general population, but it occurs in 10 percent of people who have a first-degree relative with the disorder, such as a parent, brother, or sister.People who have second-degree relatives (aunts, uncles, grandparents, or cousins) with the disease also develop schizophrenia more often than the general population.In previous versions of the DSM, schizophrenia was categorized into the following sub-types: paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual types.In the DSM-5, schizophrenia is instead evaluated based on severity.People with schizophrenia may display hostility or aggression.It should be noted, however, that the vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not aggressive and pose much more danger to themselves than to others.Women are more likely to be diagnosed between ages 25 and 30, and again after age 45.In women with late onset, hormonal changes associated with perimenopause or menopause are thought to be a contributing factor but the mechanism is unclear and has been a source of debate within the field of psychiatry.These symptoms include the following: People with negative symptoms need help with everyday tasks. This may make them seem lazy or unwilling to help themselves, but the problems are symptoms caused by the disorder.Cognitive Symptoms Cognitive deficits are commonly present in people with schizophrenia, but they may be difficult to recognize as part of the disorder.