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Object location memory aides us remembering where we left certain items (e.g., cell phone, IPod, etc.) and in exploring our environment (e.g., identifying the location of mechanical equipment in the garage).Object location memory tasks usually instruct participants to make decisions about an array of objects each with a specific location (Lejbak, Vrbancic & Crossley 2009).Long-term memory is viewed as a permanent store of potentially unlimited capacity which stores information in terms of its meaning or significance to the individual.
A total of 51 participants were used in the study, 25 females and 26 males using the Silverman and Eals Location Memory Task, which measured memory for object location relative both to veridical center and to eccentricity.
A subset of participants (17 males and 13 females) were administered a measure of implicit learning and the mirror-tracing task.
Working memory is defined as the ability to temporarily store and hold information ”on-line” for a brief period of time while other cognitive decisions or operations are taking place and the ability to manipulate that information or use it to guide action.
Male and female participants were administered a novel multi trial spatial working memory task and a verbal working memory task.
The results indicated that there were no sex differences were observed in memory for object identities.
In addition, it was discovered that the memory in both sexes for object locations was better for peripherally located objects than for centrally located objects.
Researchers have also geared some of their studies in an attempt to identify particular brain and neurological structures that facilitate the female advantage on different spatial tasks.
For example; Alexander, Packard and Peterson, (2002) conducted a study that examined the Sex and spatial position effects on object location memory following intentional learning of object identities.
For a number of years researchers have been interested in determining the differences in cognitive abilities between men and women especially in the domains of spatial and verbal abilities (e.g.
De Goede & Postma 2008, Vuontela, Steenari, Carlson, Koivisto, Fjällberg, & Aronen 2003).