Over the next few years, they defeated their enemies in Rome and chased the survivors to Greece, where they finished them off in two of the bloodiest battles in Roman history.
The already corrupt Papacy reached perhaps its ultimate depths during the reign of Rodrigo Borgia, who was elected to the papacy in 1492 after the death of the generally unnoteworthy Innocent VIII, and who assumed the name Pope Alexander VI.
Borgia, a Spaniard, had been at the center of Vatican affairs for 30 years as a Cardinal.
When he became pope, myth and legend quickly rose up around his family.
Alexander VI had four acknowledged children, three males and one female.
Alexander VI was himself known as a corrupt pope bent on his family's political and material success, to an even greater extent than Sixtus IV had been.
It was no secret that Alexander VI's oldest son Cesare, was a murderer, and had killed many of his political opponents.
Under Leo X, the ruins of Rome began to be more effectively preserved, and metaphorically, so did the morality of the Papacy.
When he died in 1521, Rome's Golden Age effectively ended, and the Renaissance as a whole began to fade.
Augustus was just 19, but immediately threw himself into the backstabbing world of Roman politics .
Claiming the throne He formed a strategic alliance with Marc Antony, a successful and ambitious general.