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PART 1- “They Say”CHAPTER 1 Graff and Birkenstein talk about a few key elements to help you become a more effective writer.The first aspect they talk about is to write about what others are saying; this will help frame and clarify the issue that you are talking about.Quotations must be picked carefully to ensure they support the argument.
They say that using writing templates are something that will help an introduction; some people think that it takes away from the creativity of a writer, but it helps you get started and lay the ground work of your paper.
Using return sentences is also important to return to the original “they say” statement to help remind the reader of what ideas you’re responding to.
When you disagree you must say why you disagree with persuasive reasons of your particular view.
There are different types of disagreeing; you can disagree by using the “duh” comment or even the “twist it” move, but you must give credible evidence to support why you disagree.
Implanting a naysayer in your work will help you think about what others will say against your claims.
You should implant a naysayer to show the readers that your view is not the only one that matters; however, if you don’t implant a naysayer then you may find that you have very little to say.CHAPTER 2 In chapter two of the book the main focus is how to write a good summary.When you use information from another person you should summarize the information to what interests you the most.The use of voice markers will keep the reader from having to stop and think.This also keeps them from becoming confused of the writer’s stance in the argument.CHAPTER 6 Most writers don’t like having somebody criticize our work, but it can actually work in our advantage.Using criticism from others as they read your writings will actually increase your writing skills and give your writings more credibility, it also helps others engage in the dialogue or debate.This can be cleared up by using voice identifying devices.Voice Identifying devices are templates that can help the reader easily determine what the writer is saying and what the author is referencing.You can also summarize satirically; which is when you put your own spin on someone else’s writing to place a balance on what they say, and what you say.When starting a summary, use verbs that have action; as a writer you should stay away from using phrases such as “she says.” Use phrases such as “she encourages,” to keep from putting the audience to sleep.