Traditional farming methods of small plots worked by families and small communities continue to dominate in many regions, especially those with large indigenous populations such as the Southern Plateau.
In these areas, the main crops are corn, beans and squash, as in the Mesoamerican period.
1 Independent Resarch in agricultural mechatronics, graduate in Agrarian Autonomous Antonio Narro University, Posgraduate in Faculty of agronomy Eliseu Maciel of Uf Pel, Brazil 2 Chapingo Autonomous University, Mexico 3 Chapingo Autonomous University, Mexico Author Correspondence author International Journal of Horticulture, 2018, Vol. 6 doi: 10.5376/ijh.20 Received: 05  Feb., 2018 Accepted: 10  Feb., 2018 Published: 16  Mar., 2018 This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Agriculture from the colonial era until the Mexican Revolution was concentrated in large private estates, farms, but with the Mexican Revolution the lands were divided and redistributed.
Background Agriculture in Mexico is an important sector of the country's economy, both historically and politically, although it now represents only a small percentage of Mexico's GDP (3.6% in 2015). Mexico is one of the cradles of Mesoamerican agriculture where plants such as corn, beans, chilies, tomatoes, pumpkins, avocados, cacao, various kinds of species and many more plants were domesticated.
Since the second half of the 20th century, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the country's economic policies have again favored large commercial agricultural enterprises.
The main crops in Mexico are grains such as corn and wheat, and tropical fruits such as oranges and bananas INEGI (2009).
If the humidity level is low, the system is turned on by means of solenoid valves, if on the other hand the humidity level is high, the system is turned off.
The logistic processes of the system are controlled by means of an Arduino Uno Integrated Circuit.
Gaona (2017): Development a soil moisture measurement system using an electronic sensor, the sensor measures the electrical conductivity of a soil.
For a period of seven days, readings provided by the sensor were collected and, simultaneously, the volumetric moisture content of the soil was manually evaluated and a potential type function was adjusted to characterize its behavior.