Tags: Yusef Komunyakaa EssaysWestern Michigan University Creative WritingDissertations PdfPeople That Write Papers For YouThe Royal Hunt Of The Sun EssaySchools With No Homework PolicySteps To Solve Math ProblemsChristian Essay In Moral Philosophy Responsible Self
This guide aims to explain the general principles by giving details of the two most commonly used formats, the 'author, date' system and footnotes or endnotes.Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department.You may also wish to refer to other types of publications, including Ph D dissertations, translated works, newspaper articles, dictionary or encyclopaedia entries or legal or historical texts.
There are many different referencing conventions in common use.
Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'.
When multi-authored works have been quoted, it is important to include the names of all the authors, even when the text reference used was Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article.
The name highlighted should always be the name under which the work will have been filed on the library shelves or referenced in any indexing system.
This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing.
It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work.Other useful guides: Effective note making, Avoiding plagiarism.When you are writing an essay, report, dissertation or any other form of academic writing, your own thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of other writers, researchers or teachers.The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above.The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in bold, underlined or in inverted commas.It is often the name which is written on the spine of the volume, and if you remember this it may be easier for you to remember which is the appropriate title to highlight.The three examples above cover the most common publication types.In the 'author, date' system (often referred to as the 'Harvard' system) very brief details of the source from which a discussion point or piece of factual information is drawn are included in the text.Full details of the source are then given in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text.As a very rough guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing might be largely based on your own ideas, within the main body of your report, essay or dissertation, you would expect to be drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph.Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism.