Most of this region is a subcontinent resting on the Indian Plate (the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate) separated from the rest of Eurasia.
It was once a small continent before colliding with the Eurasian Plate about 50-55 million years ago and giving birth to the Himalayan range and the Tibetan plateau.
South Asia is home to well over one fifth of the world’s population, making it both the most populous and most densely populated geographical region in the world.
The region has often seen conflicts and political instability, including wars between the region’s two nuclear-armed states, Pakistan and India.
This paper looks at the concept of Hegemony, Regional, the various reasons responsible for such a view and the various outlooks.
I also throw light on the foreign policy of India to stress on the non-hegemonic tendencies of India. The most important aspect which I wish to bring out is the change in the international scenario that makes India’s “hegemonic status” tough to survive.
In the millennia long history of South Asia, this European occupation period is rather short, but its proximity to the present and its lasting impact on the region makes it prominent.
The network of means of transportation and communication as well as banking and training of requisite workforce, and also the existing rail, post, telegraph, and education facilities have evolved out of the base established in the colonial era, often called the British Raj.
South Asia’s north, east, and west boundaries vary based on definitions used. The UN subregion of Southern Asia’s northern boundary would be the Himalayas, its western boundary would be made up of the Iraq-Iran border, Turkey-Iran border, Armenia-Iran border, and the Azerbaijan-Iran border.
Its eastern boundary would be the India-Burma border and the Bangladesh-Burma border.